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Review: Comparison of the Chaetodontidae Mitochondrial Genome

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Rhavy Ferdyan Abdul Razak Yuni Ahda

Abstract

Mitochondrial genome is useful for identification because the mutation rate of mtDNA is higher than nDNA. Previous studies have carried out many analyzes on the mitochondrial genome of several species, one of which is the Chaetodontidae group. Fish in this group are biological indicator fish of coral reefs, so information on their molecular characteristics must be enriched in order to conserve these fish. This article aims to review several forms of the mitochondrial genome of the Chaetodontidae group of species, including: Chaetodon speculum, Chaetodon octofasciatus, Chaetodon wiebeli, and Heniochus chrysostomus. Data were collected by reviewing previous research articles related to the Chaetodontidae mitochondrial genome which were analyzed qualitatively. The review focused on the characteristics of the mitochondrial genome of each species including length, overall composition, tRNA, and non-coding region. Each species exhibits various characteristics of the mitochondrial genome and is mapped in its phylogenetic analysis.

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